Woman Etymology Oxford

woman Origin and meaning of woman by Online Etymology

Etymonline (Origin and meaning of woman by Online Etymology Dictionary) tells us that in late Old English the word woman was wimman or wiman, from wifman (literally wife-man, where man meant simply a human being) Etymology: < Anglo-Norman and Middle French gendre (Anglo-Norman and Middle French, French genre ) kind, sort (c1125 in Old French), sex, quality of being male or female (second half of the 12th cent.; now obsolete), race, people (c1200, originally and chiefly in Anglo-Norman and Old French, Middle French humain genre , Middle French, French genre humain 'mankind'; second quarter of the. Middle English wif, wyf, from Old English wif (neuter) woman, female, lady, also, but not especially, wife, from Proto-Germanic *wīfa- (source also of Old Saxon, Old Frisian wif, Old Norse vif, Danish and Swedish viv, Middle Dutch, Dutch wijf, Old High German wib, German Weib), of uncertain origin and disputed etymology, not found in Gothic

Where the word 'woman' comes from and how it has evolved

Translingual: ·Kangxi radical #38, ⼥.··woman; (only of humans in Standard Chinese) female 女人 ― nǚrén ― woman 女的 ― nǚde ― woman; female 一個女演員 / 一个女演员 ― yī ge nǚ yǎnyuán ― an actress 一個女士兵 / 一个女士兵 ― yī ge nǚ shìbīng ― a female soldier 請問女衛生間在哪兒? [MSC, trad. A merkin is a pubic wig.Merkins were originally worn by sex workers after shaving their mons pubis, and are now used as decorative items, erotic devices, or in films, by both men and women.. History and etymology. The Oxford Companion to the Body dates the origin of the pubic wig to the 1450s. According to the publication, women would shave their pubic hair for personal hygiene and to combat. [plural] (used especially as a form of address by women) the women in a group. I'm having a night out with the girls. Good morning, girls! [singular] old girl (often offensive) an old woman, especially somebody's wife or mother. How is the old girl these days

4 With distributive & reciprocal sense, מֵאֵת ׳א רְעוּתָהּ each woman from her neighbour Exodus 11:2 (E); compare Ruth 1:8,9; Jeremiah 9:19; each one, of birds of prey Isaiah 34:15 compare Isaiah 34:16 (strike out Bi Che); of cows (figurative of heartless women of Israel) Amos 4:3; of sheep (figurative of Israel) Zechariah 11:9. The Middle English forms are from Old English wiman, wimman, from wīfmann m (woman; female servant, literally female person), a compound of wīf (woman, whence English wife) +‎ mann (person, whence English man). For details on the pronunciation and spelling history, see the usage notes below the woman that somebody is married to; a married woman. I met my wife at university. He wants a divorce from his estranged wife. He is survived by his wife Anne. He has a wife and two children. He left his wife for a younger woman. wife of somebody the wife of the Italian ambassador; She's his second wife. his former/future wife; his wife of 25. woman: [noun] an adult female person. a woman belonging to a particular category (as by birth, residence, membership, or occupation)

Woman - Wikipedi

According to W. H. Page's A History of the County of Oxford , Littlemore Priory was a Benedictine house founded by Robert de Sandford, a knight in the service of the Abbot of Abingdon.The priory was constructed on pasture land in the village of Sandford during the reign of King Stephen and was initially named Sandford Priory, acquiring the name Littlemore from the mid-13 th century A. adj. 1. Designating a person whose sense of personal identity and gender does not correspond to that person's sex at birth, or which does not otherwise conform to conventional notions of sex and gender. Although now typically used as an umbrella term which includes any or all non-conventional gender identities, in wider use transgender is. 1 A system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is reckoned through the male line. 'Overall male gain depends on the constant renewal of structures of male solidarity and patriarchy over-riding immediate economic or class interests.'. 'Feminists now challenge patriarchy by tracing.

Etymology dictionary femininity — noun (U) qualities that are considered to be typical of women, especially qualities that are gentle, delicate, and pretty: Different cultures often have different concepts of femininity and masculinity Longman dictionary of contemporary English Oxford Dictionaries has said it will review the example sentences it uses for the adjective rabid after being accused of sexism over its current example: a rabid feminist Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where woman is defined. General (32 matching dictionaries) woman: Merriam-Webster.com [home, info] -woman, woman: Oxford Dictionaries [home, info] woman: American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language [home, info] woman, the woman: Collins English Dictionary [home, info Teti 1 Origins of English Vocabulary - Etymology Study Pt. I Caroline Teti, 2012 1. TYPE: (1) California Place Names Alpine County: This mountainous area in California was founded in 1864 and due to its alpine character of the High Sierra region an early resident called this town Alpine County because it reminded her of her native Switzerland Lady definition is - a woman having proprietary rights or authority especially as a feudal superior. How to use lady in a sentence

The definitive resource on the English language both currently and through history is the Oxford English Dictionary. However, the online version of the OED isn't free to access, so unless you're a member of some institution that subscribes to thei.. etymology translate: 词源学;词源说明. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese simplified Dictionary their etymology: Origin uncertain. The word has been variously explained as (a) < French oui oui adv. + German ja yes (see yea adv.), (b) < an ancient Egyptian word for 'good luck' (although apparently no such word exists), and (c) < the name of Oujda, the name of a city in Morocco. Share. Improve this answer The Etymology of Wonder Woman Suffering Sappho!—a famous catchphrase used by Wonder Woman —was a reference to the Greek poet who lived on the island of Lesbos. Some have inferred that there may have been sapphic tendencies among the Amazons in Wonder Woman 's mythology

Etymology of Beauty. early 14c., physical attractiveness, also goodness, courtesy, from Anglo-French beute, Old French biauté beauty, seductiveness, beautiful person (12c., Modern Frenchbeauté), earlier beltet, from Vulgar Latin bellitatem (nominative bellitas) state of being handsome, from Latin bellus pretty. * 1996, T.F. Hoad, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Etymology , Oxford University Press, ISBN 0192830988 Etymology 2 An eye dialect corruption of whore , from non-rhotic pronunciations considered typical of African American Vernacular English

Roughly since the 14th century, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, woman and women have been the regular spellings for the singular and plural forms of the word. And from at least the 16th century, the only difference in pronunciation between the two has been the sound of the first vowel 'Woman' is 'man' with a prefix, but 'man' at the time just meant 'human'. It had no gendered implications whatsoever. An Old English woman was a wīfmon while an Old English man was a wer (preserved in the modern 'werewolf' - a man-wolf) or a waepnedman, a 'weaponed person' Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology: lt;p|>||The Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology|| is a notable |etymological dictionary| of th... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled

etymology. Access to the complete content on Oxford Biblical Studies Online requires a subscription. Public users are able to search the site without a subscription. Please subscribe or to access full text content A new stream of work on the OED Revising the etymology and variant forms section in selected entries ahead of full revision. Over the past eighteen months we have begun a new initiative as part of the ongoing revision of the OED: revising the etymology and variant forms section in entries that have yet to be revised in full.We are doing this in order to remedy deficiencies in entries that.

Video: FEMALE Definition of FEMALE by Oxford Dictionary on

What is the etymology of the word woman? What does the 'wo

  1. Over 6,000 names'I have returned to this dictionary again and again for sheer pleasure?' — Financial TimesWe all have a first name, but how many of us really know its origin and history? This dictionary covers over 6,000 names in common use in English, including the traditional and the very newest. It tells you the age, origin, and meaning of the name, as well as how it has fared in.
  2. The earliest citations of motherfucker and motherfucking in the Oxford English Dictionary come from the late 19 th and early 20 th centuries, and they give a sense for how seriously the word was.
  3. Oxford Royale Academy is a part of Oxford Programs Limited, a company registered in England as company number 6045196, registered office at 14 King Street, Bristol BS1 4EF. The company contracts with institutions, including the University of Oxford, Imperial College London, and the Universities of Cambridge, St. Andrews, and Yale, for the use.
  4. Whitman and the America yet to be: reconceptualizing a multiracial democracy By Kenneth M. Price. In this OUPblog, Kenneth M. Price explores American poet Walt Whitman and what has often seemed to many to be a loss of Whitman's early political and poetic radicalism after the war, and how it can be better understood as his own effort to reconceptualize a multiracial democracy

Other Filipino words or English words with Filipino meanings included in the Oxford English Dictionary are: baon, barangay, barkada, barong, barong tagalog, baro't saya, buko, despedida, estafa, go down, halo-halo, KKB (kanya-kanyang bayad), kuya, pan de sal, pasalubong, sinigang, suki, and utang na loob. Buwan ng Wika, Oxford English Dictionary The false etymology route is the case with the word phat, an adjective defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as a slang term for: a. Of a person, esp. a woman: sexy, attractive Grammar. The Oxford (or serial) comma is the final comma in a list of things. For example: Please bring me a pencil, eraser, and notebook. The Oxford comma comes right after eraser. Use of the Oxford comma is stylistic, meaning that some style guides demand its use while others don't. AP Style—the style guide that newspaper reporters adhere. The Etymology of Slang Sexual Terms. The word horny sexually excited, lecherous derives from an interesting yet not surprising source. As early as the mid-18th century, an erection was known as a horn or the horn, simply because it looked a bit like one.James Joyce even used the term in his Ulysses.From there, any man having the horn was called horny, and this is first recorded in 1889

gender, n. : Oxford English Dictionar

Word Origins is the first book to offer a thorough investigation of the history and the science of etymology Anatoly Liberman is an internationally acclaimed etymologist Liberman takes the reader by the hand and explains the many ways that English words can be made, and the many ways in which etymologists try to unearth the origins of words Shutterstock. This word is actually a metathesis—or re-ordering—of the Old Norse word hrossvalr (horse whale), as was discovered by none other than J. R. R. Tolkien.Yes, the man who gifted us The Lord of the Rings is also the man who, in the late 1910s, worked on the first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary and concluded that the word walrus came to be after another Germanic. Very wrong. Homo means 'man' in Latin, and has the corresponding adjective humanus, whence English 'human,' through French.. If you like the nitty gritty, OED gives. Etymology: < Anglo-Norman humeigne (feminine), humane (feminine), Anglo-Norman and Middle French humain, humayn (French humain ) of or belonging to people (as opposed either to animals or to God) (1119 in Anglo-Norman), having.

The best place to look is the Oxford English Dictionary, which tracks how words have been used over the centuries. The history of the word honeymoon, it turns out, is at the end of an etymological rabbit hole A Dravidian etymological dictionary. 2nd ed. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Clarendon Press, 1984. No part of this publication may be stored, transmitted, retransmitted, lent, or reproduced in any form or medium without the permission of Oxford University Press. This presentation of A Dravidian etymological dictionary allows readers to search for all of. Oxford Languages and Google. Español. Google's English dictionary is provided by Oxford Languages. Oxford Languages is the world's leading dictionary publisher, with over 150 years of experience creating and delivering authoritative dictionaries globally in more than 50 languages

The etymology of the phrase 'Putting in my two cents.' Over the course of our recorded history, many goods or services have borne a set price of two of a civilization's smallest unit of currency. Beijing Guidebook All the best of China's Capital City. March 15, 2021 blackmail etymology oxford According to the Oxford Dictionary Of English Etymology. The word Church comes from old English Cirice or Middle English Circe, a word that clearly seems be cognate with Circe. It should. John, while on prison on the island of Patmos, saw a vision of a similar woman. Revelation 17:1-3, 4a-5 1 Then one of the seven. The OED's most recent citation for this sense is from Woman Hollering Creek and Other Stories, a 1991 collection by Sandra Cisneros: Ay! To make love in Spanish, in a manner as intricate and devout as la Alhambra. In the early 20th century, however, to make love took on a new sense that Oxford defines this way: orig. U.S etymology definition: 1. the study of the origin and history of words, or a study of this type relating to one particular. Learn more

Ironic Definition Oxford Dictionary - definitionusReclaiming My Body and My Life: Healing From Purity Culture

The origin of the term 'intersectionality'. An intersection, we all know, is where two streets cross, or intersect.. We usually think of an intersection as a meeting of two roads, though the original Latin word intersect means to cut asunder or divide into parts.. Add the suffix al, and you have the. That sexism and speciesism on occasion operate in concert has been well documented in animal studies, in ecofeminism and in green criminology. This article shows that for much of its history, the taboo term cunt has embodied terms of abuse that are at once both sexist and speciesist. In opening up a new direction in the analysis of intersectional oppressions, this article examines how the.

wife Origin and meaning of wife by Online Etymology

The origins of the word slut are lost to time, but English poet Geoffrey Chaucer gets credit for being one of the first to put it in print, calling a sloppy male character sluttish in the late. Written in a funny, charming, and conversational style, Word Origins is the first book to offer a thorough investigation of the history and the science of etymology, making this little-known field accessible to everyone interested in the history of words. Anatoly Liberman, an internationally acclaimed etymologist, takes the reader by the hand and explains the many ways that English words can. The famous Rahab is really Rachab (with a ch as in Bach or Loch). This Rahab is a prostitute in Jericho.When Joshua sends two unnamed spies to Jericho to check out the town, their area of reconnaissance is confined mostly to the house of Rahab, who, we shall assume, also ran a youth hostel. When the townsfolk of Jericho pursue the men, Rahab hides them safely under flax on the roof The Oxford Dictionary Online is a warehouse of over 600,000 words. Despite this large arsenal, we continue to coin, clip, and blend new words into existence

The phrase the girl next door to describe an ordinary and likable young women arose in film contexts in the 1950s.' - Chantrell. G. edt. 2002. The Oxford Essential Dictionary of World Histories New York, United States: Berkley Publishing Group (2003) p. 23 5. Follow a related blog or podcast. There are many popular blogs and podcasts where you can read and listen to stories about etymology. Both offer a fun and informative way to keep up your hobby of studying etymology. For blogs, try the Oxford Etymologist, The Etyman Language Blog, or Omniglot Blog This week, Oxford Dictionaries announced some new additions to their online database. Listed alongside clickbait, douchebaggery and side boob is everyone's favorite uncomfortable experience — mansplaining.. The etymology of mansplain can be traced back to 2008, when Rebecca Solnit wrote an essay titled Men. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwid

Dr. C.T. Onions first joined the staff of the Oxford English Dictionary in 1895. He worked on the OED, the Shorter OED, and then published his Shakespeare Glossary in 1911. A wonderful and learned scholar, he died in 1966 as the first edition of The Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology was going to press. Assisted by G.W.S. Friedrichsen and R.W. Burchfield, Onions created a magnificent work. Shop Banana Republic for versatile, contemporary classics, designed for today with style that endures. Through thoughtful design, we create clothing and accessories with detailed craftsmanship in luxurious materials The Concise Oxford Dictionay Of English Etymology T F Hoad, Man Versus Woman: Gender Inequality In Pakistan's Labour Market: Socio-Legal Causes Of Gender Inequality Fayaz Ali Shah, Industry And Trade A Study Of Industrial Technique And Business Organization A Alfred. Marshall, Nine Worlds West & Frontiers Beyond The Sun Rog Phillip

女 - Wiktionar

  1. In Classical Greece, young girls usually grew up in the care of a nurse and spent most of their time in the gynaikon, the women's quarters of the house located on an upper floor.The gynaikon was where mothers nursed their children and engaged in spinning thread and weaving ().In addition to childbearing, the weaving of fabric and managing the household were the principal responsibilities of.
  2. From the Oxford English Dictionary to Google's own, the synonyms given for woman are shockingly derogatory - while the entries for 'man' are almost universally positive. Now one campaign.
  3. g of the Shrew (has Katherine met her match, been broken, discovered a new role, or finally found a way of being herself?) expresses in
  4. Means handsome in Arabic, from the root حَسُنَ meaning to be beautiful, to be good. Hasan was the son of Ali and the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad.He was poisoned by one of his wives and is regarded as a martyr by Shia Muslims. This was also the name of two kings of Morocco

Merkin - Wikipedi

Origins of the Word Pagan. Pagan comes from a Latin word paganus, meaning villager, rustic, civilian, and itself comes from a pāgus which refers to a small unit of land in a rural district. It was a demeaning Latin term (like the word hick ), that originally lacked a religious significance. When Christianity came on board the Roman Empire. The Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology is the most comprehensive etymological dictionary of the English language ever published. It is based on the original edition of The Oxford English Dictionary but much augmented by further research on the etymology of English and other languages Seraglio definition, the part of a Muslim house or palace in which the wives and concubines are secluded; harem. See more The Ford family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. The most Ford families were found in the USA in 1880. In 1840 there were 331 Ford families living in New York. This was about 15% of all the recorded Ford's in the USA. New York had the highest population of Ford families in 1840

CUPCAKE PARTY: Colloquial A gathering, usually involving only women and most often in a private residence, in which a group of people gather to explore their sexuality, discuss sex, experiment with sex toys, and so on. Etymology: The hostess of a cupcake party often provides refreshments, hence the name. CYCLIC MONOGAMY: 1 The present paper reveals the manner in which the use of colour enables a woman writer to describe the inner world of women in an original and unconve On The Etymology Of Biblical Hebrew : A Contribution to the 'Sin Offering' vs. 'Purification Offering' Debate Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. A bra, short for brassiere or brassière (US: / b r ə ˈ z ɪər /, UK: / ˈ b r æ s ɪər / or / ˈ b r æ z ɪər /; French: ), is a form-fitting undergarment designed to support or cover a woman's breasts.Bras are designed for a variety of purposes, including general breast support, enhancing breast size, creating cleavage, or other aesthetic or practical considerations

Princeton; Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2014. She rejects the Greeks' own etymology of the word Amazon, Women in nomadic cultures might indeed enjoy more power and higher status than women in sedentary societies, yet, one needs to be careful about ascribing more to the women (and men) of these cultures than actually existed Merriam-Webster defines Bitch in the following ways (aside from the original meaning, a female dog): a lewd or immoral woman, a malicious, spiteful, or overbearing woman, and/or something that is extremely difficult, objectionable, or unpleasant.. An 1811 dictionary refers to the word as the most offensive. Explore Oxford Languages, the home of world-renowned language data

Oxford's first request, however, during which time he had relations with thousands of nude women, night after night reads Minor's medical file. policy-makers, and etymology-nerds. THE ETYMOLOGY OF 'BUCKAROO' JULIAN MASON The University of North Carolina T HE OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY explains the word buckaroo as a 'cor-ruption of vaquero,'1 a Spanish word meaning ccowboy. All other standard dictionaries, including those primarily concerned with American words, give the same rather unsatisfactory etymology. None take it. The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a good place to check the history, or etymology, of a word. was asked on May 31 2017. View the answer now Leof, 'dear', is probably still the nicest and best-attested of all medieval terms of endearment. myne owne hertis rote: literally 'my own heart's root'. Rote in Middle English, referring to the roots of a plant or tree, could (as in Modern English) be used figuratively to mean the depths of something, its inmost part The oxford dictionary of english etymology - wikipedia The Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology is an etymological dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press. The first editor of the [PDF] How To Date Young Women: For Men Over 35 Vol II.pdf. The oxford dictionary of english etymology | scio-f

girl - Oxford Learner's Dictionarie

The English language is forever changing. New words appear; old ones fall out of use or alter their meanings. World Wide Words tries to record at least a part of this shifting wordscape by featuring new words, word histories, words in the news, and the curiosities of native English speech Oxford's biggest student newspaper, produced by and for members of the University of Oxford, since 1991. woman. Vulgarity as a form of social rebellion, the word 'zhoosh', all excellent things. via the codes of drug dealers and drag queens, Polari is a veritable witches' brew of etymology. 'eek', or face, for example, is short.

Strong's Hebrew: 802

  1. Contains the complete text of the 20-volume Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition. The following information is provided for each word: etymology, definition, part of speech, date of origination, pronunciation, quotation, and cross-references
  2. Watering hole - this is one of the many British slang words for a pub. Wonky - is another word for shaky or unstable. You can use it to refer to a person or an object. For example, you might say a chair has a wonky leg. Wangle - means to get or do something that is a bit devious
  3. Oxford Dictionary debuts. February 1, 1884: The first portion, or fascicle, of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), considered the most comprehensive and accurate dictionary of the English.
  4. Shriya Gautam. Shriya Gautam is the Founder and Director of Speaking Archaeologically, an archaeological education group, based in India, which focuses on Object Analysis, documentation of neglected and forgotten archaeological sites and rescue archaeology. She holds a Masters Degree in Archaeology from the University of Oxford
  5. ates the deep opposition and oppression women faced, including the efforts made to keep women out of student societies, the organised campaigns to stop women getting degrees, and the hostility faced by women trying to establish careers as academics. Surviving fragments of eggshells and fireworks illustrate the violent opposition to giving women degrees during the vote on.
  6. This item: THE OXFORD DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH ETYMOLOGY. Reprinted with corrections in 1967 by C. T. Onions;G. W. S. Friedrichsen;R. W. Burchfield Hardcover $449.60. Only 1 left in stock. Ships from and sold by Smaller World Future AU. English Words From Latin And Greek Elements by Donald M. Ayers Paperback $38.36

woman - Wiktionar

You won't find it in the Oxford English Dictionary, and you probably shouldn't use it in any formal academic work. But whomst has found a rich life on the internet, in the hands of the anonymous Twitter users and meme accounts who popularized the word's usage in late 2016 The first hand-written English language Bible was produced in the 1380's by John Wycliffe. Then came the Gutenberg Bible, the Oxford Bible, Luther's German Bible, the Tyndale New Testament, the Coverdale Bible, the Matthew-Tyndale Bible, the Geneva Bible, and the King James Bible, which was originally published in 1611 Following yesterday's etymology of money and its curious relationship to a warning from the gods, I spent a little bit of time before work this morning looking over some other similar words that have related roots. As the second part of what might be a series of posts on this dysfunctional family of divinely rooted words, the etymology of monster gives us a good picture of what we might be.

wife - Oxford Learner's Dictionarie

  1. Oxford Dictionary of Reference and Allusion. Andrew Delahunty, Sheila Dignen. OUP Oxford, Sep 13, 2012 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 416 pages. 0 Reviews. Allusions form a colourful extension to the English language, drawing on our collective knowledge of literature, mythology, and the Bible to give us a literary shorthand for describing.
  2. The folks over at Podictionary did a pretty cool podcast about the etymology of the word conniption last year that suggested that the word was first used to describe a woman by the name of Aunt Keziah who lost her cool in the 1800s. She and the rest of her neighbors in a small town of New England were waiting for a scheduled visit by President.
  3. The Oxford English Dictionary gives Arthur Conan Doyle credit for inventing the term—wait for it: wonder-woman —of all things! The term was used by Sherlock Holmes, readers will recall, to describe Miss Violet de Merville in The Adventure of the Illustrious Client: a wonder-woman in every way
  4. istrative centre of Oxfordshire , at the confluence of the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and example
sheela-na-gig - WiktionaryLand of Potters: English words from the Classical Myths: Musicfaerie - Wiktionary

Well, here's the definition, as a subcategory of shit-eater with coinage dates but not attributions or etymology. Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang. by John Ayto and John Simpson. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. subscription-based link shit-eater noun coarse orig US 1. A contemptible or despicable person. 1937-. 2 Women Who Walk Heavily or Too Much. April 16th 2008. By Anatoly Liberman. In olden days women were supposed to be sweet, docile, and, if possible, incorporeal. On the other hand, men, subject to the universal law of contrasts, threw their weight about, and, once they arrived, demonstrated corpulence. They invented countless offensive. In the Renaissance the study of ancient texts was established on a more substantial foundation, and lexicography began to shed its reliance on etymology and glosses. The early modern period saw the development of the notion that a dictionary of classical Latin should be based on the entire range of sources, both literary and epigraphic The lexicographical labours of the late Dr C.T. Onions began when he joined the staff of the Oxford English Dictionary in 1895. His astringent yet humane scholarship in this field was well known from his work as co-editor (with J. A. H. Murray, Henry Bradley, and W. A. Craigie) of the OED, and later of the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary